Artist’s subject is the Barbie Doll (such as the photo depicting Barbie in a blender). Mattel sues under trademark, copyright, trade dress, etc. Ninth Circuit ruled against Mattel on everything in this must-read decision.
Aside: Half of defendant’s revenues appear to come from sham purchases from Mattel’s investigators.
Mattel v. Walking Mountain Productions et. al., 01-56695, 01-57193 (9th Cir. Dec. 29, 2003).