Here’s a law.com article on IP management software. It mentions several vendors including IPPO, whose ASP model I am currently trying out (and liking). In the mid 90’s, up-front expenditures in hardware and software for a trademark management system could run into the tens of thousands (depending on number of seats, number of records, existing hardware set-up). If these web-based ASP versions work, up-front expenditures could consist solely of training and data-entry. As more and more records get digitized courtesy of national governments (see metasearch), data entry costs should fall as well.