Joshua Daniels: “Lost in Translation’: Anime, Moral Rights, and Market Failure“:
This Note examines the process by which Japanese anime series are translated, dubbed, and distributed in the United States, with a particular focus on cases in which the dubbed version has been heavily edited from the original source material. These heavily-edited dubbed versions are often commercial failures because they are rejected by many U.S. fans who are familiar with the original Japanese version of the series through the consumption of illegal “fansubbed” versions. Even though these transactions seem wasteful and thus should be avoided, their occurrence on several different occasions over the years is difficult to explain.
HT Copyright Law Twitter
This Note argues that these cases are the result of a failure of the anime licensing market to take into account the legitimate interests and expectations of U.S. fans in the integrity of the series, which ought to be considered even though the moral rights of the original creators technically might not be infringed. Drawing upon prior scholarly literature which justifies the fair use defense in copyright law as a means of curing market failures, this Note proposes the adoption of a limited fair use defense for infringing “fansubs” where the authorized dubbed version of the series has been heavily edited and there exists no other legal means by which U.S. fans may enjoy the series in its original form in the United States.
I see the article, I want to comment on the ‘substituting creativity for your own’ comment, but then I start playing Feed the Animal, people come into my office, they say ‘is that ‘Body Movin’ by the Beastie Boys, we look at the list of the samples, somebody else comes in, they hear the Radiohead sample, then it’s forty minutes later.
Center for Social Media: “Fair Use and Online Video“:
Remixes, mashups, fan tributes and other creative work burgeoning in online video often use copyrighted material without permission or payment. When is it fair to do so? In many cases, creators can employ fair use, a key feature of copyright law. Welcome to a code of best practices in fair use for online video, and to studies and other information that help you understand the importance of fair use in maintaining an open door for tomorrow’s creativity.For deeper resources, including teaching materials, background on the law, video examples of fair use in action, and other codes of practice, go to centerforsocialmedia.org/fairuse.
Girl Talk is a DJ who records mashups. He explains his method in the clip below. Coverage on Girl Talk here. He is releasing his new album on a Radiohead style pay-what-you-want basis here.
As I listen to Girl Talk’s music I’m reminded of a quote from Spike Jones, the exact words of which I can’t find, but something to the effect that his work wasn’t as random as it looked – if you substituted a gunshot for a b-flat in the William Tell Overture, it had to be a b-flat gunshot.
Now those are seven words that tell a story. However not all seven words from the AP are as interesting. Bethat as it may, the AP apparently charges for quotations by the word (see rate sheet below) and my quote falls under the 5 to 25 word level for $12.50. Background here.
UPDATE: TechCrunch and Media Bloggers Association on ‘backstory’ of AP?Cadenhead dispute
Workbench: “AP Files 7 DMCA Takedowns Against Drudge ReTort“:
[Workbench is] currently engaged in a legal disagreement with the Associated Press, which claims that Drudge Retort users linking to its stories are violating its copyright and committing “‘hot news’ misappropriation under New York state law.” An AP attorney filed six Digital Millenium Copyright Act takedown requests this week demanding the removal of blog entries and another for a user comment.
The Retort is a community site comparable in function to Digg, Reddit and Mixx. The 8,500 users of the site contribute blog entries of their own authorship and links to interesting news articles on the web, which appear immediately on the site. None of the six entries challenged by AP, which include two that I posted myself, contains the full text of an AP story or anything close to it. They reproduce short excerpts of the articles — ranging in length from 33 to 79 words — and five of the six have a user-created headline.
UPDATE: Salon’s Scott Rosenberg comments.